AIMS and OBJECTIVES of the POLITICAL PARTIES as STATED In their Constitution
THE INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (As amended upto 83rd Plenary Session, 18-20 December 2010)
Article I OBJECT The object of the Indian National Congress is the well-being and advancement of the people of India and the establishment in India, by peaceful and constitutional means, of a Socialist State based on Parliamentary Democracy in which there is equality of opportunity and of political, economic and social rights and which aims at world peace and fellowship.
Article II Allegiance to Constitution of India The Indian National Congress bears true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established and to the principles of socialism, secularism and democracy and would uphold the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
BJP as of 2004
Article II: OBJECTIVE The Party is pledged to build up India as a strong and prosperous nation, which is modern, progressive and enlightened in outlook and which proudly draws inspiration from India's ancient culture and values and thus is able to emerge as a great world power playing an effective role in the comity of Nations for the establishment of world peace and a just international order. The Party aims at establishing a democratic state which guarantees to all citizens irrespective of caste, creed or sex, political, social and economic justice, equality of opportunity and liberty of faith and expression. The Party shall bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established and to the principles of socialism, secularism and democracy and would uphold the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
Article III: BASIC PHILOSOPHY Integral Humanism shall be the basic philosophy of the Party.
Article IV: COMMITMENTS The Party shall be committed to nationalism and national integration, democracy, Gandhian Socialism, Positive Secularism, that is, 'Sarva Dharma Samabhav' and value-based politics. The Party stands for decentralisation of economic and political power.
The Communist Party of India is the political party of the Indian working class. It is a voluntary organisation of workers, peasants, toiling people in general, intelligentsia and others devoted to the cause of socialism and communism.
The Communist Party of India remains firmly wedded to the goal of a just socialist society in which equal opportunities for all and guarantee of democratic rights will clear the way for ending all forms of exploitation, including caste, class and gender, and exploitation of man by man, a society in which the wealth produced by the toiling millions will not be appropriated by a few. The science of Marxism-Leninism is indispensable for charting the path to such a new socialist system. Of course, this path will be determined by the specific historical conditions obtaining, as well as the particular characteristics and features of our own country, its history, tradition, culture, social composition and level of development. This goal cannot be achieved without hard struggle and a firm commitment to democratic norms and values.
For building of socialism, the achievement of power by the working people, based on socialist democracy, is essential. With unflinching loyalty to the working people and their historic mission, the Communist Party of India will work for the realisation of this mission and go forward to its ultimate goal of establishing a communist society in India.
The socialist society and socialist state of India shall fully safeguard the right of individual liberty, freedom of speech, press, association, conscience and religious belief. It shall also guarantee the right to form opposition parties provided they are committed to abide by the Constitution. The socialist constitution shall always keep vigil and prevent the destruction of democracy and violation of people's basic rights. The perspective and political policies of the party will be decided on the basis of objective reality. The accumulated experience of our party and the world revolutionary movements shall assist the party in the process. Life has shown that this task cannot be fulfilled by pursuing the capitalist path and as long as the bourgeois class is in control of state power.
The Communist Party of India organises itself and its work on the basis of democratic centralism and on full inner party democracy. The party also firmly believes that unity in action is indispensable. The decisions of the Party Congress and the National Council shall be binding on all party units and party members. Minority opinions on substantial political issues shall be made known to all party units and party members. Formation of factions and groups on the basis of political, organisational or opportunist reasons shall not be permissible. The party believes in free and frank debates. The party shall respect dissenting opinions.
Imbued with lofty ideas of patriotism, the Communist Party of India upholds the independence and sovereignty of India, fights for national unity and national integration, firmly opposes all disruptionist and obscurantist conceptions, communalism, revivalism, untouchability, casteism, religious intolerance and discrimination against and denial of equal rights to women and fights against chauvinism and bourgeois nationalism. The Communist Party of India also firmly upholds the right of all sections of our society to profess the faith of their choice and practice, but it shall not permit preaching of hatred against any religion.
The Communist Party of India shall bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established and to the principles of socialism, secularism and democracy, and would uphold the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
The Communist Party of India shall strongly fight for the cause of social justice. The age-old outlook and practices of social inequality are very strong in our society. Social and economic inequality has become a most formidable block to the advance of our society. The fight against caste thinking and caste practices is essential for the unity of our people. Noble traditions, historical experience, rich cultural heritage and valuable teachings of great social reformers and thinkers of our country will help the party to cultivate scientific temper and socialist ideals.
Fight for peace and against neo-colonialism along with fight for a just society is common ground for all progressive forces of the world. Adhering to the principle of independence, equality and non-interference, the Communist Party of India shall make every effort to build friendship with other parties of the working people and the forces fighting against imperialism and for social progress. The Communist Party of India firmly believes that real and basic interests of the people of the world are the same and hence we stand for proletarian internationalism. Solidarity with just and progressive causes in other parts of the world will help our own struggle.
The Communist Party of India (Marxist) is the revolutionary vanguard of the working class of India. Its aim is socialism and communism through the establishment of the state of dictatorship of the proletariat. In all its activities the Party is guided by the philosophy and principles of Marxism-Leninism which shows to the toiling masses the correct way to the ending of exploitation of man by man, their complete emancipation. The Party keeps high the banner of proletarian internationalism.
RULE - 2 : AIMS :- In conformity with the aims as laid down by Arignar Anna, the aim of the Kazhagam is to strive and forge Dravidian cultural co-operation among the four linguistic states of Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka, within the frame work of the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India and within the ambit of the Constitution of India. The Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam bears true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India, as by law established and the principles of socialism, secularism and democracy and would uphold the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
RULE - 3 : IDEALS :- Having strict adherence to the principles of Duty, Dignity and Discipline stressed by Arignar Anna as the basis, the party will strive to safeguard the democratic rights in politics, to establish a society free from any kind of exploitation, to effect reforms in society in order to bring about a renaissance based on rationalism, to eradicate poverty in the economic field, to find out ways and means, to secure the welfare of all on the basis of socialism to promote the state language without giving room for domination by other languages in order to secure them due place of importance, to decentralise the powers concentrated in the centre and to secure autonomy for the States and genuine Federation at the centre.
POLICY OF THE PARTY The ALL INDIA ANNA DRAVIDA MUNNETRAKAZHAGAM Party shall bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established and to the principles of Socialism, Secularism and Democracy and will 'uphold the Sovereignty, Unity and Integrity of India. The Party will strive to create equality among all classes and to establish a democratic socialist society, to promote the language and culture of Dravidians, to strengthen the democratic system and to strive for more autonomous powers for the States in the Indian Sub-continent subject to overall sovereignty of the Centre without jeopardising the Unity and Integrity of the Nation in accordance with the Constitution of India. '"
RULE· 3: OBJECTS .. The objectives of the Party will be to strive to foment and " forge a sense of Unity among the people of diversified ... culture, civilizations, traditions and languages inhabiting this " Indian Sub-continent.
Article II. - Aims and Objectives. 1. The chief aim and objective of the party shall be to work as a revolutionary social and economic movement of change with a view to realise, in practical terms, the supreme principles of universal justice, liberty, equality and fraternity enunciated in the Constitution of India, to be followed by State in governance, and in particular summed up in the following extract from the Preamble of the Constitution: “We, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens: Justice, social, economic and political; Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; Equality of status and opportunity; and promote among them all Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;”
2. The party shall regard its ideology as a movement for ending exploitation of the weaker sections and suppression of the deprived through social and economic change in keeping with the above stated chief aim, and its political activity and participation in governance as an instrument of furthering such a movement and bringing in such a change.
3 This being the chief aim of the party, the strategy of the party in public affairs will be governed by the following general principles:
(4) i. That all citizens of India being equal before law are entitled to be treated as equal in true sense and in all matters and all walks of life, and where equality does not exist it has to be fostered and where equality is denied it has to be upheld and fought for.
ii. That the full, free, uninhibited and unimpeded development of each individual is a basic human right and State is an instrument for promoting and realising such development;
iii. That the rights of all citizens of India as enshrined in the Constitution of India and subject to such restrictions as are set out in the Constitution, have to be upheld at all costs and under all circumstances;
iv That the provisions of the Constitution requiring the State at Center and in States to promote with special care and protect the socio-economic interests of the weaker sections of the society denied to them for centuries, have to upheld and given practical shape in public affairs as a matter of prime most priority.
v. That economic disparities and the wide gaps between the ‘haves’ and the ‘have nots’ must not be allowed to override the political principle of “one man, one vote, one vote, one value” adopted by our republic.
AITC Trinamool Congress
The Aim of the party shall be to make all round development of India in the political, economic, industrial, social, culture, agricultural, sectors, and to establish India as global power keeping in view the multilingual, multifaceted, multiethnic, rich culture and heritage of India.
OBJECT Article II The object of the party shall be (a) To uphold and adhere to true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established.
(b) To uphold and work for the furtherance of the principles of Socialism, Secularism and Democracy. (c ) To eradicate illiteracy, poverty & injustice and cause upliftment of the downtrodden by ensuring social equality, awakening of the masses by peaceful means, movement and participation in the lawful electoral process.
II (A) ALLEGIANCE TO CONSTITUTION OF INDIA The All India Trinamool Congress bears true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established and to the principles of socialism, secularism and democracy and would uphold the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
SAD Akali Dal
“ The Shiromani Akali Dal realizes that India is a federal and republican geographical entity of different languages , religions and cultures. To safeguard the fundamental rights of the religious and linguistic minorities, to fulfill the demands of the democratic traditions and to pave the way for economic progress it has become imperative that the Indian constitutional structure be given a real federal shape by redefining the Centre and State relations and rights on the lines of aforesaid principles and objectives.”
“Shiromani Akali Dal has ever stood firm on this principle and that is why after very careful consideration it unanimously adopted a resolution to this effect first at All India Akali Conference , Batala, then at Shri Anandpur Sahib endorsing the principle of Federalism.
As such, the Shiromani Akali Dal emphatically urges upon the Government of India to take cognizance of the different linguistic and cultural sections, religious minorities as also the voice of million of people and recast the constitutional structure of the country on real and meaningful federal intergrity of the country and further , to enable the states to play a useful role for the progress and prosperity of the Indian people in their respective areas by meaningful exercise of the powers”