Spoke the Documents
of CPI in 1925
Documents of the
History of CPI vol 2 1923-1925 edited by Com G Adhikari pph
pages 591 592 :
The First Indian
communist Conference ( dec 26-28, 1925 Kanpur) was convened by Satyabhakta, a
member of national revolutionary (terrorist) group in UP. He invited all the
communist groups then functioning in India.
became the instrument of bringing together all the genuine communist groups in
the country, thus creating the first central committee of the CPI and framing
its first constitution.
Pages 606-609 : As per S V Ghate reports
objected to the name of CPI. The resoultions committee consisted of
Satyabhakta, Joglekar, Bagerhatta, S Hassan, Ghate and Krishnaswamy of madras.
As president M Singaravelu chettiar, two
joint secretaries Bagehatta and myself( Ghate) and an executive committee were
elected. Muzaffar Ahmad was in the EC. Within 4 days satyabhkta announced
formation of National communist party and left. When he was approached to
handover the minutes and documents of the conference, he refused to pass them
on since he had established his own party
It is significant
to note that Muzaffar Ahmad recognised the significance of the first Communist
conference in Kanpur in his articles of 1958 and 1963. Muzafar also reporting
that Satyabhakta left the place with his papers and files. But after the split
in his Myself and the CPI he wrote about that conference an entirely childish
affair- he was for that Tashkent date.
secretariat met on 19th Aug 1959 having Ajoy Ghosh, BTR, P C joshi,
Basapunnaiah, Z A Ahmad, dange, A k Gopalan took unanimous decision about
foundation date as 1925. On Aug 20 1959 the same was communicated to Indonesian
Communist party and the letter was signed by Com B T Ranadive
" It was in
dec 1925 that a meeting of representatives of the various groups of communists
in the country held at Kanpur that the CPI was formed"
Page 629 :
True, the Kanpur
Communist conference of 1925 did not have the features of a proper foundation
congress of a communist party. But the creation of an all India nucleus of a
central leadership at the conference and its continuity and the role thro
succedding years in building the mass base for the CPI make the conference a
turning point in the life of the party.
CPM Document : Documents of the Communist Movement In
India vol 1 1917-1928 NBA Calcutta
page 320 : From
the memoirs of com Muzafar Ahmad :
I received a letter
from satyabhakta asking me to attend without fail a communist conference being
held in Kanpur. He also sent Rs 30 by
Those whom I met in
Kanpur were Shamsuddin Hassan of Lahore, S V Ghate, K N Joglekar and R S
Nimbhkar of bombay, Janakiprasad Bagerhatta of Bikaner, Ayodhyaprasad of Jhansi
and C Krishnaswami Ayengar of Madras. Ayodhyaprasad of Jhansi told me that
Krishnaswami was the nephew of rajagopalachari, which was afterwards confirmed
by Krishnaswami himself. Besides meeting Hasrat Mohani and singaravelu
Chettiar, I met Arjunlal sethi and Kumarananda. I met another person old man
I did not know any
of them personally..It was Ghate whom I saw labour very hard, he did typing and
other jobs. Joglekar and Nimbkar were members of AI Congress committee- janaki
pages 321- 322 :
wrote letters to Saklatvala, inviting him to be president of the Kanpur
conference. Saklatvala, it is surprising, agreed...the news was circulated all
over India. But Communist party Great Britain asked him not to be president of
a conference of A CP of obscure origin. this proved to be a blessing; for it
was singaravelu Chettiar who was then chosen as President, in respect of views,
he was a safe person for satyabhakta.
The Conference was entirely a childish affair.
All sorts of people- one could hardly follow who they were.. On Dec 26, 1925,
when the conference was in session,
satyabhkta could not be traced anywhere. The man who was translating
Singaravelu's speech was making repeated mistakes. Jalib, editor of Urudu daily
hUMDUM got UP and translated
conference was held on a plot of land belonging to peasants on the other side
of the road outside the Congress Nagar. Saklatvala sent a message but M N Roy
not sent but wrote a letter to Ghate and Janakiprasad criticising the business.
Govt Document : Confidential India and Communism
in the IB Home Dept GOI 1933- Reprinted 1935
In July 1924 the
Communist international decided to adopt Roy's suggestion that a new Indian
communist Party should be formed as a branch of the CI. Three months later, a
correspondent to a Calcutta newspaper announced that " In cawnpore
Bolshevik Conspiracy case it has been
settled that to have faith in communism in itself is no offence. Thus the fear
of the law against Communism has been removed", while another newspaper
announced the open formation of an Indian Communist Party with branches at
Madras, Bombay and Cawnpore, and added that an AI Communist conference will be
held in three months time". This first conference of its kind was duly
held in the last week of Dec 1925.
In India by Gene Overstreet and Marshall Windmiller
The perennial Press
It was probably
Muzaffar Ahmad who informed Roy of satyabhakta's plan to hold a communist
conference in Cawnpore in dec 1925, concurrently with the annual session of the
Indian national congress. In October Masses of India carried a despatch "
It is premature to say what shape this Communist Party will ultimately assume
and how far it is going to be communist in its program and actions"
When the conference
convened on Dec 26 1925, S A dange and Shaukat Usmani were in jail. Muzaffar
ahmad was released.
suffered an initial setback when the Congress ( INC) refused permission to hold the meeting in the
Pandal setup for the session of Congress. another location was found..
In their speeches
both Mohani and Singaravelu made a particular point of emphasising that the
party was not connected with the communist International CI. Our organisation is purely Indian said
Singarvelu was more specific: Indian
communism is not Bolshevism, for
Bolshevism is a form of Communism which Russians have adopted in their
The party's executive
committee met on dec 28 1925. Bergharhotta and Ghate were elected general
secretaries and Ahmed and Iyenkar were appointed secretaries for their areas.
Roy had attacked
Bhakta bitterly in Masses of India and
criticised the speeches of Mohani and singaravelu labeling them Childish.