Tuesday, February 25, 2020

Labour Code Industrial Relations Bill


THE INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS CODE, 2019    A BILL      Nov 2019
(As per the arrangement of Clauses this bill is running to 75 pages)

Some Clauses of   the Bill

  (3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint; and different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Code and any reference in any such provision to the commencement of this Code shall be construed as a reference to the coming into force of that provision

1.    (zf) "strike" means a cessation of work by a body of persons employed in any industry acting in combination, or a concerted refusal, or a refusal, under a common understanding, of any number of persons who are or have been so employed to continue to work or to accept employment and includes the concerted casual leave on a given day by fifty per cent. or more workers employed in an industry;


2.    (zg) "Trade Union" means any combination, whether temporary or permanent, formed primarily for the purpose of regulating the relations between workers and employers or between workers and workers, or between employers and employers, or for imposing restrictive conditions on the conduct of any trade or business, and includes any federation of two or more Trade Unions:

CHAPTER III TRADE UNIONS
6. (1) Any seven or more members of a Trade Union may, by subscribing their names rules of the Trade Union and by otherwise complying with the provisions of this Code with respect to registration, apply for registration of the Trade Union under this Code.
 (2) No Trade Union of workers shall be registered unless at least ten per cent. of the workers or one hundred workers, whichever is less, engaged or employed in the establishment or industry with which it is connected are the members of such Trade Union on the date of making of application for registration.
(4) A registered Trade Union of workers shall at all times continue to have not less than ten per cent. of the workers or one hundred workers, whichever is less, subject to a minimum of seven, engaged or employed in an establishment or industry with which it is connected, as its members
9. (4) Every Trade Union registered under the Trade Unions Act, 1926 having valid registration immediately before the commencement of this Code shall be deemed to have been registered under this Code: Provided that such Trade Union shall file with the Registrar a statement that the constitution of the executive of the Trade Union is in accordance with this Code along with the rules of the Trade Union updated in accordance with section 7, and the Registrar shall amend his records accordingly.
12. Every registered Trade Union shall be a body corporate by the name under which it is registered, and shall have perpetual succession and a common seal with power to acquire and hold both movable and immovable property and to contract, and shall by the said name sue and be sued.
14. (1) There shall be negotiating union or negotiating council, as the case may be, in an industrial establishment for negotiating with the employer of the industrial establishment, on such matters as may be prescribed.
 (2) Where only one Trade Union of workers registered under this Code is functioning in an industrial establishment, then, the employer of such industrial establishment shall recognise such Trade Union as sole negotiating union of the workers.
 (3) If more than one Trade Union of workers registered under this Code are functioning in an industrial establishment, then, the Trade Union having seventy-five per cent. or more workers on the muster roll of that industrial establishment, verified in such manner as may be prescribed, supporting that Trade Union shall be recognised by the appropriate Government or any officer authorised by such Government in this behalf, as the sole negotiating union of the workers.
(4) If more than one Trade Union of workers registered under this Code are functioning in an industrial establishment, and no such Trade Union has seventy-five per cent. or more of workers on the muster roll of that industrial establishment, verified in such manner as may be prescribed, supporting that Trade union, then, there shall be constituted by the appropriate Government or any officer authorised by such Government in this behalf, a negotiating council for negotiation on the matters referred to in sub-section (1), consisting of the representatives of such Trade Unions which have the support of not less than ten per cent. of the total workers on the muster roll of that industrial establishment so verified and such representation shall be of one representative for each ten per cent. of such total workers and in such calculation, the fraction of such ten per cent. shall not be taken into account.
20. Any person who has attained the age of fourteen years may be a member of a registered Trade Union subject to any rules of the Trade Union, and may, subject to as aforesaid enjoy all the rights of a member and execute all instruments and given all acquaintances necessary to be executed or given under the rules
23. (1) Not less than one-half of the total number of the office-bearers of every registered Trade Union in an unorganised sector shall be persons actually engaged or employed in an establishment or industry with which the Trade Union is connected: Provided that the appropriate Government may, by special or general order, declare that the provisions of this section shall not apply to any Trade Union or class of Trade Unions specified in the order.
24. (1) Any registered Trade Union may, with the consent of not less than two-third of the total number of its members and subject to the provisions of sub-section (3), change its name.
 (2) Any two or more registered Trade Unions may be amalgamated in such manner as may be prescribed
38. (1) Where any worker is suspended by the employer pending investigation or inquiry into complaints or charges of misconduct against him, such investigation or inquiry, or where there is an investigation followed by an inquiry, both the investigation and inquiry shall be completed ordinarily within a period of ninety days from the date of suspension.
 (2) The standing orders certified under sub-section (7) of section 30 or modified under section 35 shall provide that where a worker is suspended as referred to in sub-section (1), the employer in relation to an industrial establishment or undertaking shall pay to such worker employed in such establishment or undertaking subsistence allowance at the rates specified in sub-section (3) for the period during which such worker is placed under suspension pending investigation or inquiry into complaints or charges of misconduct against such worker.
(3) The amount of subsistence allowance payable under sub-section (2) shall be— (a) at the rate of fifty per cent. of the wages which the worker was entitled to immediately preceding the date of such suspension, for the first ninety days of suspension; and (b) at the rate of seventy-five per cent. of such wages for the remaining period of suspension, if the delay in the completion of disciplinary proceedings against such worker is not directly attributable to the conduct of such worker
CHAPTER VIII STRIKES AND LOCK-OUTS
62. (1) No person employed in an industrial establishment shall go on strike, in breach of contract— (a) without giving to the employer notice of strike, as hereinafter provided, within sixty days before striking; or
(b) within fourteen days of giving such notice; or
(c) before the expiry of the date of strike specified in any such notice; or
(d) during the pendency of any conciliation proceedings before a conciliation officer and seven days after the conclusion of such proceedings; or
 (e) during the pendency of proceedings before a Tribunal or a National Industrial Tribunal and sixty days, after the conclusion of such proceedings; or
 (f) during the pendency of arbitration proceedings before an arbitrator and sixty days after the conclusion of such proceedings, where a notification has been issued under sub-section (5) of section 42; or
(g) during any period in which a settlement or award is in operation, in respect of any of the matters covered by the settlement or award.
63. (1) A strike or lock-out shall be illegal, if it is— (i) commenced or declared in contravention of section 62; or
(ii) continued in contravention of an order made under sub- section (7) of section 42.
CHAPTER XIII OFFENCES AND PENALTIES
86. (7) If default is made on the part of any registered Trade Union in giving any notice or sending any statement or other document as required by or under any provisions of this Code, every office-bearer or other person bound by the rules of the Trade Union to give or send the same, or, if there is no such office-bearer or person, every member of the executive of the Trade Union, shall be punishable with fine which shall not be less than one thousand rupees, but which may extend to ten thousand rupees and any continuing default shall be punishable with an additional penalty of fifty rupees per day so long as the default continues.
(13) Any worker who commences, continues or otherwise acts in furtherance of a strike which is illegal under this Code, shall be punishable with fine which shall not be less than one thousand rupees, but which may extend up to ten thousand rupees or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month, or with both.
(15) Any person who instigates or incites others to take part in, or otherwise acts in furtherance of, a strike or lock-out which is illegal under this Code, shall be punishable with fine which shall not be less than ten thousand rupees, but which may extend to fifty thousand rupees or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month, or with both.
(16) Any person who knowingly spends or applies any money in direct furtherance or support of any illegal strike or lock-out shall be punishable with fine which shall not be less than ten thousand rupees, but which may extend to fifty thousand rupees or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month, or with both
CHAPTER XIV MISCELLANEOUS
93. (1) No person refusing to take part or to continue to take part in any strike or lock-out which is illegal under this Code shall, by reason of such refusal or by reason of any action taken by him under this section, be subject to expulsion from any Trade Union or society, or to any fine or penalty, or to deprivation of any right or benefit to which he or his legal representatives would otherwise be entitled, or be liable to be placed in any respect, either directly or indirectly, under any disability or at any disadvantage as compared with other members of the union or society, anything to the contrary in rules of a Trade Union or society notwithstanding
97. No civil court shall have jurisdiction in respect of any matter to which any provision of this Code applies and no injunction shall be granted by any civil court in respect of anything which is done or intended to be done by or under this Code.
98. No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against any person for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done in pursuance of this Code or any rules made thereunder.
99. (5) Every rule made under this section and notification issued under clause (m) of section 2, by the Central Government shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament while it is in session for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or notification, or both Houses agree that the rule or notification should not be made, the rule or notification shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule or notification
101. (2) Every notification issued by the Central Government under sub-section (1) shall be laid as soon as may be after it is made before each House of Parliament while it is in session for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the notification, or both Houses agree that the modification should not be made, the notification shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done in pursuance of that notification.
103. (1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Code, the Central Government may, by order published in the Official Gazette, make such provisions, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Code as may appear to it to be necessary for removing the difficulty: Provided that no such order shall be made under this section after the expiry of a period of three years from the commencement of this Code.
 (2) Every order made under this section shall be laid before each House of Parliament.
104. (1) In the notification issued under sub-section (3) of section 1 for the commencement of any provision of this Code, the Central Government may specify that the provisions of — (a) the Trade Unions Act, 1926;
(b) the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946; and
(c) the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, shall stand repealed with effect from the date appointed in the notification in this behalf and the remaining provisions of the enactments referred to in clauses (a) to (c) shall remain in force till they are repealed by like notifications in the like manner.
 (2) Notwithstanding such repeal under sub-section (1), anything done or any action taken under the provisions of the enactments so repealed including any rule, regulation, notification, nomination, appointment, order or direction made thereunder shall be deemed to have been done or taken under the corresponding provisions of this Code and shall be in force to the extent they are not contrary to the provisions of this Code.




Labour Code on Wages 2019


THE CODE ON WAGES, 2019 NO. 29 OF 2019
(This act is running 29 pages as per the Gazette Notification)

By enacting this Code The Payment of Wages Act, 1936, the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965 and the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 are  repealed


Some Clauses  of  the ACT 

MINISTRY OF LAW AND JUSTICE (Legislative Department) New Delhi, the 8th August, 2019/Shravana 17, 1941 (Saka)
The following Act of Parliament received the assent of the President on the 8th August, 2019, and is hereby published for general information:—
CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY
1.    (1) This Act may be called the Code on Wages, 2019.

2.    (g) "contract labour" means a worker who shall be deemed to be employed in or in connection with the work of an establishment when he is hired in or in connection with such work by or through a contractor, with or without the knowledge of the principal employer and includes inter-State migrant worker but does not include a worker (other than part-time employee) who ––


(i)           is regularly employed by the contractor for any activity of his establishment and his employment is governed by mutually accepted standards of the conditions of employment (including engagement on permanent basis), and

(ii)           (ii) gets periodical increment in the pay, social security coverage and other welfare benefits in accordance with the law for the time being in force in such employment;
(k)  "employee" means, any person (other than an apprentice engaged under the Apprentices Act, 1961), employed on wages by an establishment to do any skilled, semi-skilled or unskilled, manual, operational, supervisory, managerial, administrative, technical or clerical work for hire or reward, whether the terms of employment be express or implied, and also includes a person declared to be an employee by the appropriate Government, but does not include any member of the Armed Forces of the Union;
CHAPTER II MINIMUM WAGES
5. No employer shall pay to any employee wages less than the minimum rate of wages notified by the appropriate Government.
6. (1) Subject to the provisions of section 9, the appropriate Government shall fix the minimum rate of wages payable to employees in accordance with the provisions of section 8.
7. (1) Any minimum rate of wages fixed or revised by the appropriate Government under section 8 may consist of–– (a) a basic rate of wages and an allowance at a rate to be adjusted, at such intervals and in such manner as the appropriate Government may direct, to accord as nearly as practicable with the variation in the cost of living index number applicable to such workers (hereinafter referred to as "cost of living allowance"); or
(b) a basic rate of wages with or without the cost of living allowance, and the cash value of the concessions in respect of supplies of essential commodities at concession rates, where so authorised; or (c) an all-inclusive rate allowing for the basic rate, the cost of living allowance and the cash value of the concessions, if any.
(2) The cost of living allowance and the cash value of the concessions in respect of supplies of essential commodities at concession rate shall be computed by such authority, as the appropriate Government may by notification, appoint, at such intervals and in accordance with such directions as may be specified or given by the appropriate Government from time to time
8. (1) In fixing minimum rates of wages for the first time or in revising minimum rates of wages under this Code, the appropriate Government shall either— (a) appoint as many committees as it considers necessary to hold enquiries and recommend in respect of such fixation or revision, as the case may be; or
(b) by notification publish its proposals for the information of persons likely to be affected thereby and specify a date not less than two months from the date of the notification on which the proposals shall be taken into consideration.
(3) After considering the recommendation of the committee appointed under clause (a) of sub-section (1) or, as the case may be, all representations received by it before the date specified in the notification under clause (b) of that sub-section, the appropriate Government shall by notification fix, or as the case may be, revise the minimum rates of wages and unless such notification otherwise provides, it shall come into force on the expiry of three months from the date of its issue: Provided that where the appropriate Government proposes to revise the minimum rates of wages in the manner specified in clause (b) of sub-section (1), it shall also consult concerned Advisory Board constituted under section 42.
 (4) The appropriate Government shall review or revise minimum rates of wages ordinarily at an interval not exceeding five years
9. (1) The Central Government shall fix floor wage taking into account minimum living standards of a worker in such manner as may be prescribed: Provided that different floor wage may be fixed for different geographical areas.
(3) The Central Government may, before fixing the floor wage under sub-section (1), obtain the advice of the Central Advisory Board constituted under sub-section (1) of section 42 and consult State Governments in such manner as may be prescribed.
13. (1) Where the minimum rates of wages have been fixed under this Code, the appropriate Government may —
 (a) fix the number of hours of work which shall constitute a normal working day inclusive of one or more specified intervals;
(b) provide for a day of rest in every period of seven days which shall be allowed to all employees or to any specified class of employees and for the payment of remuneration in respect of such days of rest;
(c) provide for payment for work on a day of rest at a rate not less than the overtime rate
14. Where an employee whose minimum rate of wages has been fixed under this Code by the hour, by the day or by such a longer wage-period as may be prescribed, works on any day in excess of the number of hours constituting a normal working day, the employer shall pay him for every hour or for part of an hour so worked in excess, at the overtime rate which shall not be less than twice the normal rate of wages
CHAPTER III PAYMENT OF WAGES
15. All wages shall be paid in current coin or currency notes or by cheque or by crediting the wages in the bank account of the employee or by the electronic mode:
Provided that the appropriate Government may, by notification, specify the industrial or other establishment, the employer of which shall pay to every person employed in such industrial or other establishment, the wages only by cheque or by crediting the wages in his bank account
17. (1) The employer shall pay or cause to be paid wages to the employees, engaged on—
 (i) daily basis, at the end of the shift;
(ii) weekly basis, on the last working day of the week, that is to say, before the weekly holiday;
(iii)        fortnightly basis, before the end of the second day after the end of the fortnight;
(iv)         (iv) monthly basis, before the expiry of the seventh day of the succeeding month
CHAPTER IV PAYMENT OF BONUS
26. (1) There shall be paid to every employee, drawing wages not exceeding such amount per mensem, as determined by notification, by the appropriate Government, by his employer, who has put in at least thirty days work in an accounting year, an annual minimum bonus calculated at the rate of eight and one-third per cent. of the wages earned by the employee or one hundred rupees, whichever is higher whether or not the employer has any allocable surplus during the previous accounting year.
(2) For the purpose of calculation of the bonus where the wages of the employee exceeds such amount per mensem, as determined by notification by the appropriate Government, the bonus payable to such employee under sub-sections (1) and (3) shall be
calculated as if his wage were such amount, so determined by the appropriate Government or the minimum wage fixed by the appropriate Government, whichever is higher.
(5) Any demand for bonus in excess of the bonus referred to in sub-section (1), either on the basis of production or productivity in an accounting year for which the bonus is payable shall be determined by an agreement or settlement between the employer and the employees, subject to the condition that the total bonus including the annual minimum bonus referred to in sub-section (1) shall not exceed twenty per cent. of the wages earned by the employee in the accounting year.
CHAPTER VI PAYMENT OF DUES, CLAIMS AND AUDIT
43. Every employer shall pay all amounts required to be paid under this Code to every employee employed by him:
 Provided that where such employer fails to make such payment in accordance with this Code, then, the company or firm or association or any other person who is the proprietor of the establishment, in which the employee is employed, shall be responsible for such payment
50. (1) Every employer of an establishment to which this Code applies shall maintain a register containing the details with regard to persons employed, muster roll, wages and such other details in such manner as may be prescribed.
 (2) Every employer shall display a notice on the notice board at a prominent place of the establishment containing the abstract of this Code, category-wise wage rates of employees, wage period, day or date and time of payment of wages, and the name and address of the Inspector-cum-Facilitator having jurisdiction.
 (3) Every employer shall issue wage slips to the employees in such form and manner as may be prescribed.
CHAPTER VII INSPECTOR-CUM-FACILITATOR
51. (1) The appropriate Government may, by notification, appoint Inspector-cumFacilitators for the purposes of this Code who shall exercise the powers conferred on them under sub-section (4) throughout the State or such geographical limits assigned in relation to one or more establishments situated in such State or geographical limits or in one or more establishments, irrespective of geographical limits, assigned to him by the appropriate Government, as the case may be.
 (2) The appropriate Government may, by notification, lay down an inspection scheme which may also provide for generation of a web-based inspection and calling of information relating to the inspection under this Code electronically
(5) The Inspector-cum-Facilitator may–– (a) advice to employers and workers relating to compliance with the provisions of this Code;
(b) inspect the establishments as assigned to him by the appropriate Government, subject to the instructions or guidelines issued by the appropriate Government from time to time.
CHAPTER VIII OFFENCES AND PENALTIES
52. (1) No court shall take cognizance of any offence punishable under this Code, save on a complaint made by or under the authority of the appropriate Government or an officer authorised in this behalf, or by an employee or a registered Trade Union registered under the Trade Unions Act, 1926 or an Inspector-cum-Facilitator.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, no court inferior to that of a Metropolitan Magistrate or Judicial Magistrate of the first class shall try the offences under this Code.
54. (1) Any employer who— (a) pays to any employee less than the amount due to such employee under the provisions of this Code shall be punishable with fine which may extend to fifty thousand rupees;
 (b) having been convicted of an offence under clause (a) is again found guilty of similar offence under this clause, within five years from the date of the commission of the first or subsequent offence, he shall, on the second and the subsequent commission of the offence, be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months or with fine which may extend to one lakh rupees, or with both;
 (c) contravenes any other provision of this Code or any rule made or order made or issued thereunder shall be punishable with fine which may extend to twenty thousand rupees;
(d) having been convicted of an offence under clause (c) is again found guilty of similar offence under this clause, within five years from the date of the commission of the first or subsequent offence, he shall, on the second and the subsequent commission of the offence under this clause, be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month or with fine which may extend to forty thousand rupees, or with both.
55. (1) If the person committing an offence under this Code is a company, every person who, at the time the offence was committed was in charge of, and was responsible to the company for the conduct of business of the company, as well as the company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly:
Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.
CHAPTER IX MISCELLANEOUS
64. Any amount deposited with the appropriate Government by an employer to secure the due performance of a contract with that Government and any other amount due to such employer from that Government in respect of such contract shall not be liable to attachment under any decree or order of any court in respect of any debt or liability incurred by the employer other than any debt or liability incurred by the employer towards any employee employed in connection with the contract aforesaid.
66. Nothing contained in this Code shall be deemed to affect the provisions of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 and the Coal Mines Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1948, or of any scheme made thereunder
67. (4) Every rule made by the Central Government under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions as aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or amendment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.
 (5) Every rule made by the State Government under this section shall, as soon as possible after it is made, be laid before the State Legislature
69. (1) The Payment of Wages Act, 1936, the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965 and the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 are hereby repealed.

Tuesday, February 4, 2020

தீரன் தியாகி ராஜகுரு


தீரன் தியாகி ராஜகுரு 
                                  
                             முன்னீடு

சிவராம் ஹரி ராஜகுரு பகத்சிங்குடன் தூக்குமேடை ஏறிய தியாகி. பகத்சிங் ராஜ்குரு சுக்தேவ் என மூவர் பெயரும் பொதுவாக அனைவராலும் உச்சரிக்கப்படுகிறது. பகத்சிங் குறித்து - அவரது ஆளுமை குறித்து ஏராளம் பேசப்பட்டுள்ளது - எழுதப்பட்டுள்ளது – உணரவைக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது.  அதே நேரத்தில் ராஜ்குரு, சுக்தேவ் குறித்து போதுமான அளவு பேசப்படவில்லை- எழுதப்படவில்லை.

பகத்சிங் ஆளுமை மேலானது என்பதில் சந்தேகமில்லை.  பகத்சிங்கில் அவர்களும் அடக்கம் என்பதுடன் நிற்காது அந்த ஆளுமைகளின் உருவாக்கம் மற்றும் உயரத்தையும் புரிந்துகொள்ள வேண்டும் - அவர்களையும் தேடவேண்டும் என்ற எண்ணத்துடன் வெளிவந்தவை மிகக்குறைவே.  தமிழில் ராஜ்குரு குறித்தும், சுக்தேவ் குறித்தும் கொஞ்சமாவது எழுதிப்பார்க்கவேண்டும். பலதரப்புகளிலிருந்து வரலாற்றைத் தேடும் மாணவர்களுக்கு உதவியாக சில பக்கங்களாவது தரவேண்டும் என்ற முயற்சியால் ராஜ்குரு பற்றி படித்தறிந்த செய்திகள் சிறு பிரசுர வடிவில்  இங்கு தரப்பட்டுள்ளது.

புரட்சிகர இளைஞர்களாகிய அவர்களின் தேடல்- தெளிவு- விளையாட்டுத்தனம்- பொறுப்பான நகர்வுகள்- தேசபக்தி- தியாகம் செய்வதில் இருந்த போட்டி உணர்வு ஆகியவற்றை ராஜ்குருவின் வாழ்க்கை நிகழ்வுகளின் வழியே வெளிக்கொணர இப்பிரசுரத்தில் முயற்சிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. அவர்களின் தியாகம் மெச்சத்தகுந்தது. ஆனால் வழிமுறை விவாதத்திற்குரியது. அது ஒன்றே சரியான முன்மாதிரி என காட்ட முடியுமா- வன்முறை வழிப்பட்ட எதுவும் எதை இறுதி இலக்கு என வைக்கிறதோ அதை அடைந்தவுடன் ஒடுக்குமுறை கருவியாகாமல் இருக்குமா – அகிம்சை வழி ஏற்குமா  போன்றவை தீவிர விவாதத்திற்குரியவை. இங்கு ராஜ்குரு வாழ்க்கை அவர்களது தோழர்களுடன் இணைந்து பேசப்பட்டுள்ளது.

 2-2-2020                          ஆர்.பட்டாபிராமன்



முன்பு ’இளைஞர்களுக்கு பகத்சிங்’ மற்றும் ’பகத்சிங்கை காவு கொடுத்தாரா காந்தி’ என்கிற இரு நீள் கட்டுரைகளை எழுதி இணையத்தில்  வெளியிட்டிருந்தேன்.

 வி என் தத்தா அவர்கள் எழுதிய காந்தியும் பகத்சிங்கும் என்ற நூல் தோழர் அக்களூர் இரவியால் தமிழில் மொழிபெயர்க்கப்பட்டு ஏராள விவரங்களுடன் வந்துள்ளது. சந்தியா வெளியிட்டுள்ளனர்.

மேற்கூறிய தமிழ் ஆக்கங்களுடன் ராஜ்குரு குறித்த இச்சிறு பிரசுரமும் சேர்கிறது. இணையத்தில் கீழ்கண்ட இணைப்பில் ஆர்வமுள்ளவர்கள் படிக்கலாம்.

https://archive.org/details/1converted_202002
            or
https://ia601405.us.archive.org/1/items/1converted_202002/%E0%AE%A4%E0%AF%80%E0%AE%B0%E0%AE%A9%E0%AF%8D%20%E0%AE%A4%E0%AE%BF%E0%AE%AF%E0%AE%BE%E0%AE%95%E0%AE%BF%20%E0%AE%B0%E0%AE%BE%E0%AE%9C%E0%AF%8D%E0%AE%95%E0%AF%81%E0%AE%B0%E0%AF%811-converted.pdf