Tuesday, January 18, 2022

From the pages of History


தோழர் பி சி ஜோஷி அவர்கள் எழுதிய  For the Final Bid For Power- The Communist Plan Explained  எனும் அறிக்கை ஒன்றை எழுதியிருந்தார்.  80 பக்கங்களுக்கு மேல் செல்லும் ஆவணமது. 1946ல் இது வெளியிடப்பட்டது.

அதில் உபதலைப்பு ஒன்று Commonsense Principles of Patriotism  என்பதாகவுள்ளது. காங்கிரஸ் லீக் கட்சிகளைப் பார்க்கும்போது சி பி அய் நாட்டில் உள்ள மூன்றாவது கட்சி- இளைய கட்சி. மக்களிடம் உண்மையான் hold உள்ள கட்சி.. அவரின் வரிகள் தரப்பட்டுள்ளன.

 It is a party that raised its arm against the British rulers from the very day it was born and which has 64 of its members still serving life sentences, having between them suffered nearly 800 long years in Jail.

 அடுத்து அவர் சில கேள்விகளை எழுப்புகிறார்

 If Indian fights Indian, how does it help towards making British quit? if one slaves fights another, it is the common master who will intervene and gain- it is only British rulers gain

After 60 years of political awakening, to put the entire blame on the head of another party is to be unjust inside the family of Indian Patriotism..This happens when one sees only the justice of one's own side and only the injustice of other's and is unable to come to a solution which is acceptable to the entire family.

In a salve country as long as the minority fears domination of by the majority, and the majority suspects the minority of treachery against the country, the country can never be free..

When a country is divided, its foremost leaders who awakened their own people and a mean a lot to them- lose faith in each other's bonafides and unwittingly play into the hands of the common enemy.

  மற்றொரு உபதலைப்பு  India One Nation ?  என்பதாக போகிறது. அதில்

 when Congresssays that Indai is one nation it does express the unity of all Indians against British domination and when it wants independent India to preserve its unity, it is also expressing a desirable idea, but when then concept of India a nation becomes  the basis of denying our own internal differences and leads to war among ourselves- there is obviously something wrong in such a concept...

The Concept of India being one nation cannot help us to understand why Andhra Congress leaders demand: since rajaji a Tamilian was the premier of madras last time, an Andhra should get the premiership this time!..

Inorder to say that all Indians must stand together against British rule, it is not at all necessary to say that India is one nation.

 similarly the League slogan that Muslims are one nation is equally untenable..In fact, on the basis of this concept, that Muslims are one nation, the League leaders cannot even explain the history of Muslim awakening either in the past or even living experience of the present...

 The Communist party puts forward the concept of India as a family of free nations. We think it is the correct understanding of our own history and the most desirable future for our country.

...The revivalist gave us national pride and anti imperialist hatred by glorifying our own past from the ancient days..the form was religious but the content was anti-imperialist..

The liberal stood for introduction of new modern ideas..they wanted us to learn waht was new and good from the British to change the old in our country and modernise her...

Hindu Muslim differences in general  become to day the crux of the Indian problem.. we want our people to cut the gordian knot of Hindu muslim differences to avert the disaster..which would divide our country

 அடுத்து தோழர் ஜோஷி எடுத்துக்கொண்ட  உபதலைப்பு  joint vs Separate  Electorates

 அதில்  Joint electorates are a truly democratic method of building modern life. .But the real rootof the trouble was not joint electorates but the vicious principle of restricted franchise based on property and education..

 1906 they say  an Anglo Muslim conspiracy. But this is only half the truth and the other half being the failure of Congress and Hindu leaders to make up or remedy the injustice imposed upon Muslim brothers...

Our freedom movement failed to find a common solution in terms of justice among ourselves in terms of joint life and true democracy. Even today we have no clear and common understanding of this question...

The best method of doing justice to every minority without perpetuating communal divisions is proportional representation which would guarantee to every group.. Thus adult franchise, joint electorates and proportional representation is the democratic and just way to ensure representation in all elected organs governmental and administrative to all groups and nationalities in this multi people country of ours.

 joint electorates with reservation of seats or separate electorates only divide the people on the basis of existing differences..

 when the head does not understand the problem aright, the heart beats the wrong way and the hand is lifted against the wrong person..

 தோழர் ஜோஷியின் இக்கட்டுரை 1906-46 காலத்திலான விடுதலைப்போராட்ட வரலாற்றை சுருக்கமாக் நம்முன் கொண்டுவருவதாக அமைந்துள்ளதை படிக்கும்போது உணரலாம். இந்த ஆவணத்தில் ஜோஷி எழுப்பிய முழக்கம்  Freedom from British - Justice among ourselves- Indian freedom must mean freedom of all Indian peoples  என்பதாக சென்றது.

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